EXPRESS ENTRY PROGRAM

Express Entry will manage applications for permanent residence under the following Federal Economic Immigration Programs:

  Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP),

   Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), and

  Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

Most applicants are evaluated based on their Age, Skills, Work Experience, Language ability, Education, Skills and other factors.

Potential candidates will complete an online Express Entry profile and those who meet the criteria of one of the federal immigration programs will be accepted into a pool of candidates. The Express Entry system will be the first step to immigrate to Canada under these programs. There will be no deadline to complete a profile and there will be no caps on the number of candidates that will be accepted to the pool.

Anyone who does not have a job offer supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), or a nomination from a province or territory, must register with Employment and Social Development Canada’s (ESDC) Job Bank. Job Bank will help connect Express Entry candidates with eligible employers in Canada.

Provinces and territories will also be able to recruit candidates from the Express Entry

system through their Provincial Nominee Programs to meet local labour market needs.

Candidates with the highest scores in the pool will be issued an Invitation to Apply. Candidates will be awarded points for:

   a job offer, and/or

   a nomination from a province or territory, and/or

   skills and experience factors.

A candidate can get additional points for:

   a job offer supported by a Labour Market Impact Assessment, or

   a nomination by a province or territory

These additional points will make a candidate rank high enough to be invited to apply at the next eligible draw of candidates.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada will process the majority of complete applications with all the necessary supporting documents in six months or less.

Candidates can stay in the pool for up to 12 months. If they do not get an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence within 12 months of submitting an Express Entry profile, they may submit a new profile. If they still meet the criteria, they can re-enter the pool.

Anyone who is accepted into the Express Entry pool could get an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. The top ranking candidates will be selected in regardless of when they were accepted into the pool. If the candidate has been invited to apply, they will have 60 days to submit a complete Application for Permanent Residence.

FEDERAL SKILLED WORKERS

The Federal Skilled Workers class is the single largest category. Applicants are given points for age, education, occupation, work experience, English or French ability, and close relatives in Canada. The objective is to achieve the pass-mark. Applicants with the most likely chance of success must be working in an occupation that appears on the Canadian Occupations List of "in demand" trades and professions. All applicants must have minimum 12 months of post-graduation work experience. Most applicants succeed under this class without the need for a job-offer at the time of applying. Under this class it is essential to ensure that your case is accurately prepared and presented in the format required by the immigration authorities. A poorly presented and incomplete case will expose you to the risk of an interview and possibly refusal.

The Act and Regulations

The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA), passed November 1, 2001, and its accompanying Regulations, replace the Immigration Act of 1976, known as the former Act., and the April 1,1997, Regulations. The new legislation takes effect on June 28, 2002.

Who must apply for a visa?

The rule requires every foreign national to apply for and obtain a visa before they appear at a port of entry. The rule requires foreign nationals who wish to become permanent residents of Canada to obtain a permanent resident visa.

Who is a permanent resident?

A permanent resident is defined as someone who has acquired permanent resident status and who has not subsequently lost that status. The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act lists several objectives with respect to foreign nationals. Among those related to the skilled worker program are:

To permit Canada to pursue the maximum social, cultural and economic benefits of immigration;

To support the development of a strong and prosperous Canadian economy, in which the benefits of immigration are shared across all regions of Canada;

Minimum requirements of a skilled worker

The applicant must have at least one year of full-time, paid work experience that is in the category of Skill Type 0, or Skill Level A or B, according to the Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC); occurred within 10 years preceding the date of application; is not in an occupation that is considered a restricted occupation. Performed the actions described in the lead statement for the occupation as set out in the occupational descriptions of the NOC performed substantial number of the main duties, including all of the essential duties, of the occupation as set out in the occupational description of the NOC. The applicant clearly demonstrates that they have sufficient available funds to meet the requirements.

Selection criteria

The following six factors are considered by the federal government for selection, if you score 67 points or higher you may be qualifying for immigration to Canada under the federal skilled worker program.

FACTOR:

MAXIMUM POINTS

EDUCATION - SKILLS

25

ENGLISH LANGUAGE ABILITY FRENCH LANGUAGE ABILITY

28

SPECIFIC WORK EXPERIENCE

15

AGE

12

ARRANGED EMPLOYMENT IN CANADA

10

ADAPTABILITY

10

TOTAL

100


SKILLED TRADES PROGRAM

The Federal Skilled Trades Program is for people who want to become permanent residents based on being qualified in a skilled trade.

To apply, you must:

  Have at least two years of full-time work experience (or an equal amount of part-time work experience)* in a skilled trade within the five years before you apply,

   Meet the required levels in English or French for each language ability (speaking, reading, writing, and listening),

  Meet all job requirements for that skilled trade as set out in the National Occupational Classification (NOC), and

  Have an offer of full-time employment for a total period of at least one year or a certificate of qualification in that skilled trade issued by a provincial or territorial body.

  Plan to live outside the province of Quebec.

 

BUSINESS IMMIGRATION

The Business Immigration Program are divided into three sub-categories:

Entrepreneurs must own and manage a business in Canada that creates employment for Canadian citizens or permanent residents.

Self-employed persons must employ themselves and make significant contributions to cultural activities, athletics or farming.

Investors must make a CDN $800,000 investment that is used by the provinces for economic development and job creation.

The Business Immigration Program seeks to promote economic development and employment by attracting people with venture capital, business expertise and Entrepreneurial skills and also support provincial and territorial economic objectives.

The federal, provincial and territorial governments encourage prospective business immigrants to invest in Canada. Over the years, thousands of foreign business people have found Canada to be an excellent place to invest capital and to apply their particular business know-how to Canadian ventures.

Canadian business people have also benefited from the Business Immigration Program. In a wide variety of situations, they have been put in touch with immigrants who can contribute expertise to a Canadian venture or who have capital to invest.


ENTREPRENEUR(The Federal Entrepreneurs Program was Terminated on June 19, 2014).

Entrepreneur means an immigrant:

Who intends and has the ability to establish, purchase or make a substantial investment in a business or commercial venture in Canada that will make a significant contribution to the economy and whereby employment opportunities will be created or continued in Canada for one or more Canadian citizens or permanent residents, other than the entrepreneur and his dependants, and

Who intends and has the ability to provide active and on-going participation in the management of the business or commercial venture;

Under the entrepreneur class, there is no minimum capital requirement, but applicants must satisfy a points test and possess sufficient funds and past management experience to establish or purchase the proposed business in Canada. Applicants must also have a minimum level of English ability. Past management experience (and not necessarily self-employment) is sufficient to meet the criteria of this class. Often the key to success is the quality of your business plan, which can be based on either a new start-up business in Canada or the purchase and re-development of an existing business in Canada. Your proposed business must be viable and well researched, and be able to support yourself, your family and create employment for Canadians. The process involves a probationary period of three years in Canada, during which time you must establish your business. Permanent Residence is issued once your business is trading and satisfies minimum employee requirement.

An Entrepreneur must satisfy the following basic requirements:

The net assets of the applicant should at least be a minimum of $300,000

The applicant must have business experience. They must have managed a qualifying business and controlled a percentage of equity of a qualifying business

The applicant must have a business plan, showing the type of business in which they would like to invest, location of investment, amount of investment and the number of Canadians employed.

Business Plan

A business plan is a business document containing all applicable information about the undertaking and its promoters. It provides complete information about the business proposal and the various steps on how to start your business.

Your business plan must contain and must address the following areas:

Introduction or Executive summary providing an overview of your intentions and why you are confident of success.

Products and services offered as well as the purpose, nature and characteristics of the business

You must attach a detailed resume (CV) about your qualifications and work experience

A business profile giving administrative information including legal name and address

Classification of your clients, suppliers, distribution methods, competition, turnover etc.

A marketing plan which includes all the different methods and ways of advertising and promotion of your goods and services, pricing strategies, after sales service of the products, warranty policies etc.

Identification of the number of full and part time employees you will need to run your business and their duties and responsibilities.

A financial resource plan which includes opening statement, preliminary statement of results, working capital, analysis of break-even point and cash budget.

Legal documents, supporting information, explanations, photographs etc.

General business experience or management experience may be a good measure of the applicant's intent and ability to do business. Some types of non-business experience may also be readily transferable to a business setting. This may include financial or personnel experience, experience as a professional, or specific experience in the field of the intended business. The stronger the applicant's experience, the more it will enhance the application.


Note: As of July 1, 2011, CIC has temporarily stopped accepting applications for the federal entrepreneur program to focus on processing the applications we already have while the program is reviewed. This pause on new applications will continue until further notice.

SELF-EMPLOYED

The self-employed class is suitable for self-employed businesspersons who do not intend to employ other persons in their business. Under this class, there is no minimum capital or past ownership requirements, but applicants must satisfy a points test and minimum English language requirement. Applicants must prepare a viable, well-researched business proposal and possesses sufficient funds and experience to establish or purchase proposed business in Canada.

"Self-employed person" means an immigrant who intends and has the ability to establish or purchase a business in Canada that will create an employment opportunity for himself and will make a significant contribution to the economy or the cultural or artistic life of Canada.

REQUIREMENTS FOR SELF-EMPLOYED CLASS

In order to be approved as a self-employed person, the applicant must first meet the Regulatory definition, and then comply with the selection criteria for that category of immigrant.

The following aspects of the regulatory definition should be factored into your assessment of an immigrant:

Who intends and has the ability to establish or purchase a business in Canada

Create an employment opportunity for himself

Make a significant contribution to the economy or the cultural or artistic life of Canada.

The applicant must have sufficient funds to create an employment opportunity for himself and maintain himself and his dependants. He must show you that he has been able to support himself and family through his talents and would be likely to continue to do so in Canada. This includes the ability to be self-supporting until his employment opportunity has been created. The applicant must plan to make a significant contribution in the cultural or artistic field. The category is designed to attract such persons as artists, performers or sports personalities.

To be eligible for immigration as a self-employed person, an applicant must have at least two years of one of the following types of experience in the period beginning five years before the date of application:

Self-employment in cultural activities or athletics;

Participation at a world-class level in cultural activities or athletics; or

Farm management experience.


INVESTOR PROGRAM (The Federal Investor Program was Terminated on June 19, 2014).

he Immigrant Investor Program was started in 1986 by the Government of Canada to give an opportunity for business people to immigrate to Canada. This program enables potential investors to obtain permanent residence in Canada leading to the Canadian Citizenship.

Canada is a vast country with huge opportunities and development potentials. It is a favorite destination for many investors to start a new business in this friendly environment renowned for its political and economic stability.

The Immigrant Investor Program offers a chance to take part in Canada's dynamic economy and flourishing society. Your investment is guaranteed by the government and will be repaid in full, without interest at the end of that period.

Under this program you and your family will be entitled to:

Permanent Residence status upon entering Canada.

Live, study and work in Canada.

Enter and leave Canada freely.

Apply for Canadian citizenship.

REQUIREMENTS FOR INVESTORS

To be eligible for immigration as an investor, an applicant must:

Have either managed and controlled a percentage of equity of a qualifying business for at least two years in the period beginning five years before the date of application, or managed at least five full-time job equivalents per year in a business for at least two years in the period beginning five years before the date of application.

Have a legally obtained net worth of at least CDN $1,600,000.

Make an investment of CDN $800,000, payable to the Receiver General for Canada. This investment is subsequently allocated to participating provinces and territories in Canada, which use the funds for job creation and economic development. The full amount of the investment (without interest) is repaid to the investor after approximately five years. The return of the investment is fully guaranteed.

The investment is subsequently allocated to participating provinces and territories in Canada. These governments use the funds for job creation and economic development. The full amount of the investment (without interest) is repaid to the investor after five years. The exact date of repayment depends on when the $400,000 is received by Citizenship and Immigration Canada. At the latest, the amount would be returned five years and 3 months after the date of payment. The return of the investment is fully guaranteed by participating provinces and territories.

If application approved, applicant must make the necessary investment amount before the issuing of the permanent resident visa and within 30 days from the official approval confirmation letter.

Features of the Investor Program

Investors are not required to start a business in Canada;

Investments are fully guaranteed by provinces and territories that participate in the program;

The provinces and territories control the investment during the five year lock-in period

Your investment is government guaranteed and will be repaid in full, without interest at the end of the time-period.


Note: As of July 1, 2012, CIC has temporarily stopped accepting applications for the federal Investor program to focus on processing the applications we already have while the program is reviewed. This pause on new applications will continue until further notice.

 

START-UP-VISA

The Star-up Visa Program is new program. It links immigrant entrepreneurs with experienced private sector organizations in Canada who are experts in working with prospective applicants to start up their business idea and experience inside Canada.

Applicants will be assessed basis on four requirements and must have:

   Obtain a Letter of Support from one of the designated authorities (Angel investor group , a venture capital fund or a business incubator.

   Ability to communicate in English or French.

   At least one year of study at a post secondary institution.

    Adequate amount of fund to cover the necessary cost of living and settlement in

If all the requirements are met, then the application will be reviewed on other standard admissibility criteria, including health, criminality and security.

QUEBEC PROGRAMS

Planning to immigrate to Québec

Applicants must obtain a certificate of selection from the Quebec province before applying for the permanent residence application to Canada.

Quebec Categories:

    Immigrate to Québec as a permanent worker or in the businesspeople category.

    Come to Québec to work or study

    Sponsor a family member

    sponsor a refugee abroad (collective sponsorship) or resettle in Québec as a refugee.

Interested Applicant must apply in two stages

    First: You must apply to the Quebec government for a certificate of selection. This shows that Quebec has accepted you as an immigrant. Quebec will assess you using its own rules.

    Second: If Quebec chooses you, you must then apply to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for permanent residence.

All Applicants must undergone a medical exam and pass a police background check.

QUEBEC PROGRAMS

Planning to immigrate to Québec

Applicants must obtain a certificate of selection from the Quebec province before applying for the permanent residence application to Canada.

Quebec Categories:

    Immigrate to Québec as a permanent worker or in the businesspeople category.

    Come to Québec to work or study

    Sponsor a family member

    sponsor a refugee abroad (collective sponsorship) or resettle in Québec as a refugee.

Interested Applicant must apply in two stages

    First: You must apply to the Quebec government for a certificate of selection. This shows that Quebec has accepted you as an immigrant. Quebec will assess you using its own rules.

    Second: If Quebec chooses you, you must then apply to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for permanent residence.

All Applicants must undergone a medical exam and pass a police background check.

 

FAMILY SPONSORSHIP

Canadian Citizens or permanent residents who are at least 18 years old can sponsor certain relatives to come to Canada under the Family Class as following:

   Spouse

   Conjugal or common-law partner,

   Dependent child (this includes an adopted child) or

   Eligible relatives.

Family member who become a permanent resident can live, study and work in Canada.

Sponsor your spouse, partner or dependent children

Canadian citizens or permanent residents of Canada are able to sponsor their spouse, common-law or conjugal partner, or dependent children to come to Canada as permanent residents.

Sponsor your parents and grandparents

Canadian citizens or permanent residents of Canada are able to sponsor their parents or grandparents to become permanent residents under the Family Class.

Parents and grandparents eligible to visit Canada for up to two years at a time under the Parent and Grandparent Super Visa.

Sponsor your adopted children and other eligible relatives

Canadian citizens or permanent residents of Canada are be able to sponsor a relative to become a permanent resident under the Family Class.

 

LIVE-IN CAREGIVER

Apply–Live-in caregivers

Live-in caregivers for individuals who are qualified to provide care for children, elderly persons or persons with disabilities in private homes without supervision. Live-in caregivers must live in the private home where they work in Canada.

You must meet certain requirements to accepted as a live-in caregivers in Canada.

    A positive Labor Market Opinion (LMO) from an employer in Canada.

    A written contract with your future employer, signed by you.

    The employer Successful completion of the equivalent of a Canadian secondary school education.

    At least six months' training or at least one year of full-time paid work experience as a caregiver or in a related field or occupation (including six months with one employer) in the past three years.

    Good knowledge of English or French.

    A work permit before you enter Canada.

 
REFUGEES

Convention Refugees

Over the past fifty years, the people and government of Canada have excelled in providing humanitarian assistance to people fleeing persecution in their homeland or displaced by conflicts. Since World War II, Canada has resettled thousands Convention refugees and persons in "refugee-like" situations.

Canada has chosen to protect persons for humanitarian reasons, to meet its international responsibilities, and to respond to international crises. In 1969, Canada signed both the 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol.

The objective of Canada's Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program is to uphold its humanitarian tradition in the resettlement of Convention refugees and persons in "refugee-like" situations.

The Resettlement program has three basic aims:

Protection;

Meeting international responsibilities; and

Provision of a durable solution.

Refugee Class

In order to be eligible for resettlement from abroad as a refugee, you must be a member of one of the following classes:

Convention Refugees Abroad, or

Country of Asylum Class, or

Source Country Class.

Convention Refugees Abroad Class

To qualify as a refugee under this class, you must:

Have a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion,

Be outside your country of nationality and unable or, by reason of that fear, unwilling to obtain the protection of your country,

If you have no country of nationality, be outside your country of former habitual residence (home country) and unable or, by reason of that fear, unwilling to return to that country.